New Delhi: Teachers believe the way students are taught and assessed in schools will need to be changed in the post-Covid era, according to a study from Azim Premji University.
The study, titled “Open Schools, Emphasis on Recovering Lost Learning: The Clear Voice of Teachers,” is based on responses from 363 primary teachers in five states: Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand. It was conducted in August and the results were released on Wednesday. It aimed to find ways to get students back into the classroom as schools begin to open in all states. So far, states and UTs like Delhi, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Haryana have reopened schools.
According to the study, “an overwhelming majority of 96% of teachers were aware of the need to assess children on the abilities of previous years (2019-20 and 2020-21) when schools reopened, rather than standing. focus only on the capacities of the current academic year (2021-22) ”.
“Teachers recognize that this assessment should form the basis of planning for learning with the goal of helping students recover from learning losses and getting them to meet the expectations of the class. Regular and ongoing assessment will be necessary to keep track of their learning, ”the study added.
He also spoke of the need to adapt the curriculum and teaching methodology, keeping in mind that children have not had a proper learning for almost a year.
“Even teachers who interacted with students through different modes during the school shutdown felt that the 2020-21 school year program was not sufficiently covered,” the study said.
Read also : School closures in India stole a generation of upward mobility
Fight against “learning loss”
Teachers, according to the study, felt that there was a loss of prior learning, which includes foundational skills such as describing a picture, reading with comprehension, writing simple sentences based on an image and the ability to perform basic mathematical operations.
As mentioned above, 96 percent of teachers were in favor of changes in the curriculum to be able to cope with the reality of learning loss.
“The need to focus on the basics of literacy and numeracy in the daily schedule was highlighted by 61% of teachers. About 74% of teachers were in favor of reducing the load on the program and the need to map foundational skills to the program in order to focus only on those abilities that they recognized to have been most affected, ”said the study.
Read also : 37% of students in rural areas do not study at all because schools remain closed, according to survey
Support for various learning levels
About 57 percent of teachers approved instructional changes to meet the diversity of learning levels in the classroom. Teachers said such an approach could be for children to work independently or in groups, depending on their level of learning, under the general guidance of the teacher.
The importance of teaching learning materials rather than class-specific textbooks was also stressed by around 48 percent of teachers.
“Teachers felt that workbooks with worksheets for all grades in primary schools will be very useful as they help children learn in an organized and interesting way,” the study adds. Worksheets usually contain simple exercises that children can do independently, usually accompanied by interesting visuals.
“These worksheets can be ‘graded’, that is, they start from basic abilities and progress to higher-order abilities. This is especially useful with students of different abilities as a common plan can be developed for the whole class, while still allowing all students to participate in similar activities. Such an approach would not only allow learning, but would also help the teacher to assess the progress of each child, ”says the study.
(Edited by Poulomi Banerjee)
Read also : Take kids back to school or decades of progress will be reversed, medical school body warns